It took some of the best metallurgical minds of the twentieth century to turn black sand into titanium used in jets, submarines, and replacements for human hips and knees. Until the 1930’s, titanium was merely a dangerous laboratory curiosity. Then on the eve of World War II, William Kroll, a brilliant Luxembourg scientist, developed a unique process. Forced to abandon his laboratory as the Nazis prepared to invade, he brought his knowledge to the U.S. where it became of crucial importance during the Cold War with the Soviet Union.
“This is a comprehensive book on the historical path followed by titanium as a metal as well as the titanium industry. It delves deep into history, providing a concise summary of the discovery of titanium and the development of alloys depending on the needs of the different industries.” Pritish Kar, JOM 03/4/2008